In the week ending 30 March 2007, the increase of EUR 5.4 billion in gold and gold receivables (asset item 1) mainly reflected quarterly revaluation adjustments, as well as sales of gold by two Eurosystem central banks (consistent with the Central Bank Gold Agreement of 27 September 2004) and a net purchase of gold coin by another Eurosystem central bank.
The net position of the Eurosystem in foreign currency (asset items 2 and 3 minus liability items 7, 8 and 9) decreased by EUR 1 billion to EUR 144.7 billion. The change was due mainly to the effects of the quarterly revaluation of assets and liabilities, while customer and portfolio transactions carried out by Eurosystem central banks in the period under review resulted in an increase of EUR 0.1 billion.
The holdings by the Eurosystem of marketable securities of euro area residents denominated in euro (asset item 7) rose by EUR 0.8 billion to EUR 88.9 billion, with an increase of EUR 0.9 billion on account of transactions which more than offset a decrease caused by revaluations. Banknotes in circulation (liability item 1) increased by EUR 5.3 billion to EUR 613.6 billion. Liabilities to general government (liability item 5.1) rose by EUR 3.7 billion to EUR 57.1 billion.
The Eurosystem’s net lending to credit institutions (asset item 5 minus liability items 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5 and 4) increased by EUR 10.7 billion to EUR 432.3 billion. On Wednesday, 28 March 2007, a main refinancing operation of EUR 282 billion matured and a new one of EUR 283.5 billion was settled. On Thursday, 29 March 2007, a longer-term refinancing operation of EUR 40 billion matured and a new one of EUR 50 billion was settled.
Recourse to the marginal lending facility (asset item 5.5) was EUR 0.1 billion (compared with virtually nil in the preceding week), while recourse to the deposit facility (liability item 2.2) was EUR 1.1 billion (also compared with virtually nil in the previous week).
As a result of all transactions, the current account position of credit institutions with the Eurosystem (liability item 2.1) rose by EUR 1.3 billion to EUR 179.8 billion.
In line with the Eurosystem’s harmonised accounting rules, gold, foreign exchange, securities holdings and financial instruments of the Eurosystem are revalued at market rates and prices as at the end of each quarter. The net impact of the revaluation on each balance sheet item as at 30 March 2007 is shown in the additional column “ Difference compared with last week due to quarter-end adjustments”. The gold price and the principal exchange rates used for the revaluation of balances were as follows:
Gold: EUR 498.198 per fine oz.
USD: 1.3318 per EUR
JPY: 157.32 per EUR
Special drawing rights: EUR 1.1343 per SDR
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