In the week ending 28 December 2007, the decrease of EUR 40 million in gold and gold receivables (asset item 1) reflected the sales of gold by two Eurosystem central banks (consistent with the Central Bank Gold Agreement of 27 September 2004).
The net position of the Eurosystem in foreign currency (asset items 2 and 3 minus liability items 7, 8 and 9) increased by EUR 7 billion to EUR 157.2 billion on account both of customer and portfolio transactions and of the USD liquidity-providing operations conducted by the Eurosystem in connection with the temporary reciprocal currency arrangement (swap line) between the ECB and the Federal Reserve System.
The holdings by the Eurosystem of marketable securities of euro area residents denominated in euro (asset item 7) decreased by EUR 1.1 billion to EUR 96.2 billion. Banknotes in circulation (liability item 1) rose by EUR 2.7 billion to EUR 678.6 billion. Liabilities to general government (liability item 5.1) decreased by EUR 5.2 billion to EUR 36.9 billion.
The Eurosystem’s net lending to credit institutions (asset item 5 minus liability items 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5 and 4) increased by EUR 8.4 billion to EUR 483.8 billion. On Friday, 28 December 2007, a main refinancing operation of EUR 20 billion was settled. On Thursday, 27 December 2007, a liquidity-absorbing fine-tuning operation of EUR 141.6 billion, conducted through the collection of fixed-term deposits, matured, while a new one of EUR 150 billion was settled on Friday, 28 December 2007.
Recourse to the marginal lending facility (asset item 5.5) was virtually nil (approximately the same as in the preceding week), while recourse to the deposit facility (liability item 2.2) was EUR 1.9 billion, (compared with EUR 0.2 billion in the preceding week).
As a result of all transactions, the current account position of credit institutions with the Eurosystem (liability item 2.1) increased by EUR 9 billion to EUR 223.2 billion.
The Central Bank of Cyprus and the Central Bank of Malta joined the Eurosystem on 1 January 2008. The ECB will therefore publish a consolidated opening financial statement of the Eurosystem as at 1 January 2008 together with the next consolidated weekly financial statement on 9 January 2008.
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