In the week ending 19 September 2008, the decrease of EUR 55 million in gold and gold receivables (asset item 1) reflected the sale of gold by two Eurosystem central banks (consistent with the Central Bank Gold Agreement that came into effect on 27 September 2004).
The net position of the Eurosystem in foreign currency (asset items 2 and 3 minus liability items 7, 8 and 9) increased by EUR 27.9 billion to EUR 194.7 billion on account of customer and portfolio transactions and US dollar liquidity-providing operations. On Friday, 19 September 2008, a US dollar overnight liquidity-providing operation of USD 40 billion was settled. This operation was conducted by the Eurosystem in connection with the temporary reciprocal currency arrangement (swap line) between the ECB and the Federal Reserve System.
The holdings by the Eurosystem of marketable securities of euro area residents denominated in euro (asset item 7) rose by EUR 0.3 billion to EUR 110.3 billion. Banknotes in circulation (liability item 1) decreased by EUR 1.4 billion to EUR 681.3 billion. Liabilities to general government (liability item 5.1) decreased by EUR 14 billion to EUR 46.4 billion.
The Eurosystem’s net lending to credit institutions (asset item 5 minus liability items 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5 and 4) decreased by EUR 28 billion to EUR 448.5 billion. On Wednesday, 17 September 2008, a main refinancing operation of EUR 176.5 billion matured and a new one of EUR 150 billion was settled.
Recourse to the marginal lending facility (asset item 5.5) was EUR 1.3 billion (compared with virtually nil in the preceding week), and recourse to the deposit facility (liability item 2.2) was EUR 1.8 billion (compared with EUR 0.1 billion in the preceding week).
As a result of all transactions, the current account position of credit institutions with the Eurosystem (liability item 2.1) decreased by EUR 16.4 billion to EUR 213.3 billion.
Reproduction is permitted provided that the source is acknowledged.