Full PDF Download [7.23 MB]
Macro risks Download
Credit risks Download
Financial markets and global financial institutions Download [1.78 MB]
Euro area financial institutions Download [2.09 MB]
Statistical annex Download
The cut-off date for data used in the FSR is approximately two weeks before publication.
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Since 2004 the ECB has published twice a year the Financial Stability Review which provides an overview of the possible sources of risk and vulnerability to financial stability in the euro area.
The review aims to promote awareness of issues that are relevant for safeguarding the stability of the euro area financial system both within the financial industry and among the public at large. By providing an overview of the possible sources of risk and vulnerability to financial stability, the FSR also seeks to play a role in preventing financial crises.
Financial stability can be defined as a condition in which the financial system – comprising of financial intermediaries, markets and market infrastructures – is capable of withstanding shocks, thereby reducing the likelihood of disruptions in the financial intermediation process which are severe enough to significantly impair the allocation of savings to profitable investment opportunities.
The three parts of the financial system:
The financial system can be said to be stable if it displays the following three key characteristics:
If any one or a combination of these characteristics is not being maintained, then it is likely that the financial system is moving in a direction of becoming less stable, and at some point might exhibit instability.
Understood this way, the safeguarding of financial stability requires identifying the main sources of risk and vulnerability such as inefficiencies in the allocation of financial resources from savers to investors and the mis-pricing or mismanagement of financial risks. This identification of risks and vulnerabilities is necessary because the monitoring of financial stability must be forward looking: inefficiencies in the allocation of capital or shortcomings in the pricing and management of risk can, if they lay the foundations for vulnerabilities, compromise future financial system stability and therefore economic stability.